3 Item Sets with 16 question and 1 constructed response question. It also includes 9 Standalone Items.

Follows the GLE’s and topics that are covered in Unit 5.

  • 4.2.1 Explain how early explorations affected the expansion of boundaries and development in the United States.
  • 4.2.3 Explain the voluntary migration of people and its significance in the development of the boundaries of the United States.
  • 4.3.1 Explain how inventions and new processes affected the lives of people, migration, and the economy of regions of the United States./li>
  • 4.5.2 Analyze how physical characteristics of a region shape its economic development.
  • 4.5.3 Identify and explain how the physical characteristics of a region influenced human settlement.
  • 4.9.2 Identify examples of human, natural, and capital resources and explain how these resources are used to produce goods and provide services.
  • 4.9.3 Define the terms profit and risk and explain how they relate to each other.
  • 4.9.4 Investigate the relationship between supply, demand, and price.

Key connections to Key themes

  • Students also describe how changing immigration patterns in the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries contributed to the rich cultural mosaic of the United States, which at times contained many cultures that remained distinct (“salad bowl”) and at other times contained many cultures blended into one uniquely American culture (“melting pot”).
  • Students describe social conflicts that resulted from Industrialization.
  • Students describe how businesses and governments used labor, land, and capital resources to spur technological advancements and to encourage westward expansion and the Industrial Revolution.